CAT Number Theory - Challenging question

Just one question this time, but a fairly challenging one though.

There is a 4-digit number 'abcd' that satisfies the following property. 'abcd' = ab ^2 + cd ^2. Find abcd.

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IIM CAT Preparation Tips: CAT Number Theory - Challenging question

Mar 30, 2011

CAT Number Theory - Challenging question

Just one question this time, but a fairly challenging one though.

There is a 4-digit number 'abcd' that satisfies the following property. 'abcd' = ab ^2 + cd ^2. Find abcd.

Labels: ,

At 11:43 AM ,  Kamal Lohia said...

1233 = 12^2 + 33^2

At 12:43 PM ,  Kamal Lohia said...

Let the four digit number abcd = XY such that XY = X^2 + Y^2
=> 100X + Y = X^2 + Y^2
=> (X - 50)^2 + (Y - 1/2)^2 = 10001/4
=> (X - 50)^2 + {(2Y - 1)^2}/4 = 10001/4
=> 4(X - 50)^2 + (2Y - 1)^2 = 10001

Now sum of last two digits of two perfect squares is 01, it is only possible for the following two combinations; (00 + 01) or (76 + 25).
It can be easily checked that first combination doesn't help and in the second one also there is only one favorable case i.e. 76^2 + 65^2 = 5776 + 4225 = 10001. So X = 12 and Y = 33 and the four digit number = abcd = XY = 1233 = 12^2 + 33^2.

Kamal Lohia

At 8:02 PM ,  Naveen said...

abcd = ab² + cd²
=> ab(100 - ab) = cd(cd - 1)

Now, unit digit of RHS can be 0 or 2 or 6,

When its 0, LHS will have two zeros at the end, so not possible

When its 2, LHS can never have 2 as unit digit, so not possible

When its 6, cd can have unit digit as 3 or 8

Hence, we can write as
x(x - 1) = p(100 - p) = y, where x = cd, p = ab and y has a unit digit of 6
=> x² - x - y = 0
Discriminant = 4y + 1
Unit digit of D will be 5, since it is a perfect square its ten's digit should be 2.

=> Tens digit of y should be 5 or 0, so last two digits of y should be 06 or 56.

Since p has unit digit 2 or 8, one of p and (100 - p) will be q2 and other will be (9 - q)8

Last two digits of (9 - q)8*q2 = 06 or 56
=> Unit digit of 2(9 - q) + 8q will be 4
=> Unit digit of 18 + 6q will be 4
=> q can be 1 or 6

=> ab = 12(cd = 33) or 62(not possible)

So, only such number is 1233.

At 2:17 AM ,  sindhura said...

Rajesh,

I am not very sure but just wondering if there is a solution for this.Please post the solution if you have .

max value of ab ^2 + cd ^2 is1458 when abcd = 9999 implies

"a has to be 1considering abcd a four digit number"

so with the value of a as1 the maximum value of ab ^2 + cd ^2 =810 when abcd =1999

so according to me there is no solution for abcd =ab ^2 + cd ^2

Please correct me if i am wrong.

-Sindhu

At 5:08 PM ,  cool said...

121212....(300 times)/99
then would be the remainder?

At 3:19 PM ,  VD said...

10000=100^2+00^2

At 9:59 AM ,  Subhash said...

Wow excellent !!!

At 10:00 AM ,  Subhash said...

So which is correct answer whether 1233 or 10000.? Please reply me, I would like to know

At 4:55 AM ,  Vishal said...

its a 4 digit no....so 10000 is ruled out buddy. 1233...great technique kamal :)