# IIM CAT Preparation Tips

IIM CAT Preparation Tips: August 2012

## Aug 4, 2012

### Inequalities - Two more questions

1. (|x| - 2) ( x + 5) < 0. What is the range of values x can take?

2. a and b are roots of the equation x^2 - px + 12 = 0. If the difference between the roots is at least 12, what is the range of values p can take?

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Solutions to the above questions

1. (|x| - 2) ( x + 5) < 0 -

This can be true in two scenarios

Scenario I - (|x| - 2)  < 0 and ( x + 5) > 0
Or |x| < 2 and x > -5.This gives us the range (-2,2)

Scenario II - (|x| - 2)  > 0 and ( x + 5) < 0
Or |x| > 2 and x < -5. This gives us the range (-Infinity, -2)

So, the overall range is (-infinity, -2) or (-2,2)

2. a and b are roots of the equation x^2 - px + 12 = 0. If the difference between the roots is at least 12, what is the range of values p can take?

The roots are a and b
a + b = p ab = 12
(a + b )^2 = p^2
(a -b)^2 = (a + b ) ^2 - 4ab
=> (a-b) ^2 = p^2 - 12*4 = p^2 - 48

If |a-b| > 12 { Difference between the roots is at least 12}
then, (a-b)^2 > 144

p^2 - 48 > 144
p^2 > 192
P > 8sqrt(3) or P < -8 sqrt(3)